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Diet comprising of soups and shakes may combat obesity

first_imgThe study programme funded in part by Cambridge Weight Plan UK, included 278 obese adults in Oxfordshire and divided them into two groups. The first group was part of the GP weight management programme who were given weight loss advice and assistance from a practice nurse. The second group was liver a complete diet replacement therapy plan for 24 weeks. The diet replacement was using special soups, shakes and diet bars along with supplements to reduce daily calorie intake to just 810. Both groups were studied for a 8 week duration and normal food was gradually reintroduced to the replacement group along with diet counselling. After around 12 weeks on the study the participants on the replacement group were encouraged to replace one meal with a replacement product.Some of the options offered were, chocolate-flavour skimmed milk and soya protein shake mix (145kcal), skimmed milk and multi-wholegrain porridge mix (149kcal), chicken-and-mushroom-flavour skimmed milk and soya protein soup mix (138kcal) and lemon-flavour soya and milk protein bar covered in yoghurt-flavour coating (150kcal).Results revealed that those on the diet replacement group lost an average of 10.7kg (23lbs) after 12 months. This was 7.2 kg more than those on the other group. Weight loss of over 10 percent of the body weight was seen with replacement programme. The participants on the replacement group also had a lower risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Their blood pressure, cholesterol were measured and these parameters also showed improvements. The authors of the study report that the diet replacement programme when supervised was safe and effective.Related StoriesResearchers find link between maternal obesity and childhood cancer in offspringResearch team receives federal grant to study obesity in children with spina bifidaDiet and physical exercise do not reduce risk of gestational diabetesLead researcher Professor Susan Jebb, from the University of Oxford in a statement said, “In the past we have worried that a short period of rapid weight loss may lead to rapid weight regain. But this study shows that nine months after the intensive weight-loss phase, people have lost more than three times as much weight as people following a conventional weight-loss programme.” Dr Nerys Astbury, researcher in diet and obesity at the University of Oxford also said, “This model of care, where patients are referred to a provider in the community for support, offers the potential for rapid roll-out at scale across the NHS and could help reduce the pressure on GPs in treating obesity-related disease.” Prof Paul Aveyard, study author, GP and professor of behavioural medicine at the University of Oxford warned that losing weight and maintaining the achieved weight are hard. He said, “It’s boring being on a normal diet and people struggle to stick to it for a year. But these programmes get you when your mental strength is at its highest. You have to concentrate effort into 12 weeks and because they eat so little, they lose a lot of weight quickly.”A WarningExperts have warned that people should not try this diet replacement programme on their own without medical supervision. Prof Helen Stokes-Lampard, who chairs the Royal College of GPs called for more research in this area to be sure. She said, “…what works for one patient might not work for another.” “Ultimately, the best way to stay fit and healthy is to keep active, eat a healthy and balanced diet, get enough sleep, drink moderately in accordance with guidelines, and not smoke,” she said. Source:https://www.bmj.com/content/362/bmj.k3760 Image Credit: Lecic / Shutterstockcenter_img By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDSep 27 2018According to a new study a diet comprising of soups and shakes replacing regular food could help people with obesity to lose weight significantly and sustain it over time.A study published in the British Medical Journal shows that, obese individuals (Body Mass Index over 30) in United Kingdom who ate just 810 calories per day managed to lose around 11 kg in a year. This form of diet replacement, explain researchers, could be recommended by nutritionists to ease off the pressure on the General Practitioners who are treating obesity-associated ailments.last_img read more

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New molecular switch may help develop sophisticated photomedications

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 11 2018Light-activated switches are too small to be seen by the naked eye, but the molecular systems are hard at work in research related to drug design, adaptive materials and data storage. To unlock the promise of new generations of medical therapies and memory systems, researchers must first overcome the drawbacks of the microscopic devices that can be difficult to produce and lack versatility.Researchers at Dartmouth College have developed a new molecular switch based on the hydrazone functional group that combines the most important properties of the current class of light-activated switches and solves many of the problems associated with them. The newly-developed molecule is easy to make, simple to work with, shows “on-off” fluorescence emission toggling, and can be used to write, read and erase information in both the liquid and solid state.Looking into the future, switches like these may potentially be used for the development of sophisticated photomedications that deliver drugs with cellular-level precision. In years to come, hydrazone switches might also lead to the development of high-density memory devices with the volume of a speck of a dust.As detailed in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, Dartmouth’s hydrazone system, “packs most, if not all, the desired, targeted and sought-after traits from photochromic compounds.””This is a switch that can do it all,” said Ivan Aprahamian, an associate professor of chemistry and head of the research team at Dartmouth. “What we developed is a new tool that combines all the good properties of known switches without their side effects, and in a simple, straight-forward design.”Similar to flipping a physical switch, photochromic switches rely on lights of different wavelengths to move molecules between the “on” and “off” positions. The fluorescent feedback produced during the switching process can be used to store and read huge amounts of data at microscopic scale and even provide signals about where a medication is being delivered after the drug enters into a patient’s body, an important tool for drug targeting.Related StoriesCharacterizing and Isolating (Bio)macromolecular Structures using MALSExperts discuss 5G health risks as network switches on in the UKComplement system shown to remove dead cells in retinitis pigmentosa, contradicting previous researchTo toggle the switch in the Dartmouth study, researchers used a “blue light” operating at the same 450 nm wavelength of a laser pointer to write the information by activating the switch. A second 365 nm ultraviolet wavelength was used to erase the information by turning the switch off.In the paper, the researchers demonstrated that the switch works in both water and fetal bovine serum buffer–a frequently used bio-medium–confirming that the molecular system can be useful as a drug delivery tool.In addition to performing well in solution, the researchers found that the hydrazone switch also works on solid-state films. Molecules that go through large structural changes usually do not operate in solid state without complex manipulation. This added functionality allows it to be used effectively for data storage.”Such an on-off fluorescence response in both solution and solid state for photochromic compounds is highly unusual,” said Baihao Shao, a PhD student at Dartmouth and the first author of the study.The team was able to use both single-photon and two-photon light sources to operate the new switch. The near infrared, two-photon system allows the light to penetrate tissue deeper and makes it safer for use with humans. Two-photon activation also allows for 3D microscopy techniques that are important for advanced data storage.The research paper notes that the hydrazone switch has a half-life of 75 years in solution at room temperature. In solid state, the switch’s memory could be indefinite. Such stability is another key feature that adds to its overall functionality for long-term data storage.”We are extremely excited by the results as well as the reception it is getting from the scientific community. Based on these and yet unpublished results, we feel that this technology has the promise to be truly transformative,” said Aprahamian.During the experiment, some erasure did occur during reading as the excitation light also results in slow switching, creating a challenge that the researchers are working to minimize. Source:https://news.dartmouth.edu/last_img read more

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Whats the best time of the day to lose weight

first_imgResearchers have found that late afternoons and early evenings are the best time to lose weight as the metabolic rates are the highest around that time. The results of the study titled ‘Human Resting Energy Expenditure Varies with Circadian Phase’, is published in the latest issue of the journal Current Biology. For this study the seven participants (aged 38 to 69 years) were made to stay inside a special laboratory with no clues about time of the day for 37 days. They were not given access to windows, phones, clocks or the internet. Each night the bedtime for the participants was shifted by four hours. It was similar to be travelling across four time zones to the west each day for three continuous weeks. Their sleep wake cycle as well as food and exercise was also tightly regulated by the researchers. This helped the researchers alter the body’s circadian rhythm or clock. Now metabolism and metabolic rates at different times of the day was analyzed. The study results revealed that 10 percent extra calories could be burnt in the late afternoons and early evenings as the metabolic rates are the highest around that time. The body temperatures were lowest around middle of the night and highest in the late afternoons and early evenings.According to the team of researchers, this study shows why shift workers tend to be irregular in their sleep and eating schedules and tend to gain weight. Shift workers are at a greater risk of diabetes, heart disease, obesity, cognitive problems as well as cancers, as has been seen in several previous studies. The researchers explain that the body’s circadian clock could be governing the metabolism and metabolic rates.Related StoriesSleep quality and fatigue among women with premature ovarian insufficiencyDiet and nutrition influence microbiome in colonic mucosa’Traffic light’ food labels associated with reduction in calories purchased by hospital employeesKirsi-Marja Zitting, of the Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, one of the team members said that they were surprised that same exercises and exertions at one time of the day worked at burning calories differently than when performed at a different time of the day. “Because they were doing the equivalent of circling the globe every week, their body’s internal clock could not keep up, and so it oscillated at its own pace,” Zitting said.Jeanne Duffy, co-author of the study and an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and a neuroscientist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, added that this study showed that it was not only what we ate and how much we exercised that determined how many calories we would burn but the “when” was also very important. “Regularity of habits such as eating and sleeping is very important to overall health,” she said. She explained that 10 percent extra calories could be burnt if exercised in the later afternoons and early evenings compared to middle of the night. It means that a person can burn 130 extra calories with no added effort, she said. She went on to explain that if this was happening each day, the resultant accumulative effects can also be estimated. It is thus important to keep the body’s internal clock in synchrony with the external environment for good heath she said. “Regularity is really important,” she said.As the next step the team would connect the effects of sleep time, duration and regularity and its effect on weight gain. Source:https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)31334-4center_img By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDNov 8 2018Image Credit: WindNight / Shutterstocklast_img read more

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UTA bioengineers aim to develop new method to repair vaginal prolapses in

first_img Source:https://www.uta.edu/news/releases/2019/01/Yi-Hong-NIH-vaginal-prolapse.php Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jan 24 2019A team of bioengineers at The University of Texas at Arlington is working to develop a method that will allow physicians to repair vaginal prolapses while they are in their early stages, potentially avoiding surgery and other complications.Hong, an associate professor in UTA’s Bioengineering Department, is leading an interdisciplinary team that will use a five-year, $1.9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop a new method of treating a vaginal prolapse before the vagina completely detaches, which could prevent complications and improve the quality of life of thousands of women.Hong’s UTA colleagues Kytai Nguyen, Liping Tang and Jun Liao, along with UT Southwestern urologist Phillippe Zimmern are co-principal investigators on the project. Vaginal prolapse is a condition affecting almost 3 percent of U.S. women, according to the Office on Women’s Health. In a prolapse, the pelvic floor muscles weaken and tear, allowing the vagina to stretch or expand and protrude on surrounding organs and structures. Treatment usually involves surgical implantation of mesh to repair the muscles, but the mesh often leads to severe complications that require extended recovery time and cause discomfort.Related StoriesTransobturator sling surgery shows promise for stress urinary incontinenceSchwann cells capable of generating protective myelin over nerves finds researchMathematical model helps quantify metastatic cell behaviorHong and his team are developing a strong, bioactive bioadhesive that is strong and bioactive to reattach the pelvic floor muscles early, before they detach completely, and stop further tearing while the body repairs the affected muscles.”A lot of women suffer from vaginal prolapse and it really affects their quality of life. Hopefully, our research will help women and ease their discomfort,” Hong said. “It is difficult to repair a full muscle tear, but if a prolapse is detected early, we can glue the two edges together while they are still partially attached and prevent further damage. Because it is bioactive, the adhesive will allow the body to rejuvenate naturally, and there will be far less discomfort for the patient.” Hong’s research is an example of health and the human condition, one of four themes of UTA’s Strategic Plan 2020, and of the ways that the University is making an impact on the community, said Michael Cho, chair of the Bioengineering Department.”This is a condition that affects women of all ages, and Dr. Hong and his team have a chance to make its treatment easier and less intrusive for those women. His ability to apply knowledge and techniques from previous research, as well as the strengths from the interdisciplinary team of investigators, will lead to success,” Cho said.last_img read more

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Poll Young Americans say online bullying a serious problem

first_imgTeens and young adults say cyberbullying is a serious problem for people their age, but most don’t think they’ll be the ones targeted for digital abuse. The long-documented problem with online bullying is that it is relentless. It doesn’t let up when kids get home from school, safely in their homes, or even when they move away from their tormentors. Still, like Luby, many young people tend to be more resilient to trolling from strangers online.”If they don’t know who it is, it doesn’t seem to bother them as much,” said Justin Patchin, a criminal justice professor at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire and co-director of the Cyberbullying Research Center. “What concerns them is when it’s some kid at school.” In this Feb. 28, 2018 photo, Matty Nev Luby, standing in front of a ring light, has her hair brushed by her mother Kerrylynn Mahoney in Wethersfield, Conn. Teens and young adults say cyberbullying is a serious problem for people their age, but most don’t think they’ll be the ones targeted for digital abuse. The high school gymnast’s popularity on the lip-syncing app Musical.ly, which merged this summer into the Chinese video-sharing app TikTok, helped win her some modeling contracts. Luby said she’s learned to navigate Instagram and other social media apps by brushing aside the anonymous bullies. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill) In this Feb. 28, 2018 photo, Matty Nev Luby holds up her phone in front of a ring light she uses to lip-sync with the smartphone app Musical.ly, in Wethersfield, Conn. Teens and young adults say cyberbullying is a serious problem for people their age, but most don’t think they’ll be the ones targeted for digital abuse. The high school gymnast’s popularity on the lip-syncing app Musical.ly, which merged this summer into the Chinese video-sharing app TikTok, helped win her some modeling contracts. Luby said she’s learned to navigate Instagram and other social media apps by brushing aside the anonymous bullies. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill) That’s according to a new poll from The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research and MTV, which also finds that about half of both young people and their parents view social media as having a mostly negative effect on the younger generation.Fifteen-year-old Matty Nev Luby said she’s learned to navigate Instagram and other social media apps by brushing aside the anonymous bullies.”When I see a really mean comment about my appearance or something I did, if someone said that to me online, it means nothing to me, but if I pictured someone I know saying that, I would be really upset,” Luby said.Roughly three-quarters of 15- to 26-year-olds say that online bullying and abuse is a serious problem for their peers. Seven percent of young people say they have already been a victim of cyberbullying, with young women (11 percent) more likely to say they were bullied than young men (3 percent).”People will make fun of their outfits or weight, their choices,” said Luby, who lives in a suburb of Hartford, Connecticut, and has been dabbling in social media since age 12. Patchin said that among adults, the people perpetuating harassment tend to be strangers, not people they know.Leslie Hernandez, 39, said she thinks the impact of social media on people her age has been mostly positive.”Adults tend to stay away from the drama that is part of adolescence,” said Hernandez, who lives in Tucson, Arizona. “It allows you to connect with people from your past.”According to the poll, she is in the minority. Among parents of 15- to 26-year-olds, about a quarter, 23 percent, say social media has had a mostly positive effect on people their age, while 31 percent say it’s been negative; 45 percent say it’s neither positive nor negative. Among people aged 15 to 26, 47 percent say it’s had a negative effect on their generation, and 26 percent say it’s been a good thing, while another 26 percent think it’s neither. About half of parents, 53 percent, agree social media has had a mostly negative effect on their child’s generation. Explore further In this Feb. 28, 2018 photo, Matty Nev Luby poses for a photograph in front of a ring light she uses for her internet posts in Wethersfield, Conn. Teens and young adults say cyberbullying is a serious problem for people their age, but most don’t think they’ll be the ones targeted for digital abuse. The high school gymnast’s popularity on the lip-syncing app Musical.ly, which merged this summer into the Chinese video-sharing app TikTok, helped win her some modeling contracts. Luby said she’s learned to navigate Instagram and other social media apps by brushing aside the anonymous bullies. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill) In this Feb. 28, 2018 photo, Matty Nev Luby, right, and her mother Kerrylynn Mahoney pose together for a photograph in Wethersfield, Conn. Teens and young adults say cyberbullying is a serious problem for people their age, but most don’t think they’ll be the ones targeted for digital abuse. The high school gymnast’s popularity on the lip-syncing app Musical.ly, which merged this summer into the Chinese video-sharing app TikTok, helped win her some modeling contracts. Luby said she’s learned to navigate Instagram and other social media apps by brushing aside the anonymous bullies. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill) “I have to constantly keep her grounded,” Mahoney said. “I’m thankful she’s aware that this is not real. It’s our jobs as parents to reel them back in.”The poll shows majorities of both young people and their parents think parents have a responsibility to help prevent online harassment. Poll: Teens say social media makes them feel bettercenter_img Her popularity on the lip-syncing app Musical.ly, which merged this summer into the Chinese video-sharing app TikTok, helped win her some modeling contracts. Now she’s mostly focused on Instagram, where she follows makeup artists and fashion trends.Her mother, Kerrylynn Mahoney, said she’s impressed by her daughter’s ability to keep bullies at bay.”Her responses blow my mind,” Mahoney said. “I’d be fists up at her age. She’s like, ‘I’m sorry you feel that way. You should probably think in a more positive way and then we’d have more peace on earth.'”But she’s also vigilant about monitoring her daughter’s accounts, blocking any followers who seem creepy or fake and trying to steer her away from fixating on pages that degrade women. No matter their age, the overwhelming majority say they see people using discriminatory language or posting such images. Seventy-eight percent of people aged 15 to 26 say they see such posts either sometimes or often, compared with 65 percent of their parents. Only 4 percent of young people and 10 percent of their parents say they never see discriminatory language or images.Companies like Facebook and Twitter have been trying for years to clamp down on abuse and harassment, with varying degrees of success. Both parents (72 percent) and young people (67 percent) think the companies play a major role in addressing these problems.Roughly two-thirds of parents also attribute responsibility to schools (68 percent), law enforcement (66 percent) and other users who witness the behavior (61 percent).Currently, young internet users report using YouTube (48 percent), Facebook (47 percent), Instagram (40 percent) and Snapchat (39 percent) several times a day or more. Fewer use Twitter, Reddit, WhatsApp, Tumblr or LinkedIn as regularly. Parents who use the internet are most likely to report using Facebook (53 percent) several times a day or more, with few being heavy users of other social media sites. Hernandez said she’s “pretty active” on Facebook, in part because of her job as a student housing manager at a college.”Snapchat feels a little less personal to me,” she said. “On Facebook you can kind of follow people and see what’s going on in their lives in a more permanent kind of way. A Snapchat image, people will forget. On Instagram, people can enjoy the pictures but don’t really see a whole (life).” In this Feb. 28, 2018 photo, Matty Nev Luby holds up her phone in front of a ring light she uses to lip-sync with the smartphone app Musical.ly, in Wethersfield, Conn. Teens and young adults say cyberbullying is a serious problem for people their age, but most don’t think they’ll be the ones targeted for digital abuse. The high school gymnast’s popularity on the lip-syncing app Musical.ly, which merged this summer into the Chinese video-sharing app TikTok, helped win her some modeling contracts. Luby said she’s learned to navigate Instagram and other social media apps by brushing aside the anonymous bullies. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill) In this Feb. 28, 2018 photo, Matty Nev Luby holds her phone and logs into the lip-sync smartphone app Musical.ly, in Wethersfield, Conn. Teens and young adults say cyberbullying is a serious problem for people their age, but most don’t think they’ll be the ones targeted for digital abuse. The high school gymnast’s popularity on the lip-syncing app Musical.ly, which merged this summer into the Chinese video-sharing app TikTok, helped win her some modeling contracts. Luby said she’s learned to navigate Instagram and other social media apps by brushing aside the anonymous bullies. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill) © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. More information: AP-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research: www.apnorc.org Citation: Poll: Young Americans say online bullying a serious problem (2018, October 4) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-poll-young-americans-online-bullying.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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Holiday chaos as drones shut Londons Gatwick Airport

first_imgPolice said the drones were of an “industrial specification,” an indication they weren’t small, inexpensive machines. The larger drones are more dangerous to jets in flight and can stay in the air longer than the models sold to amateur enthusiasts.The airport’s two terminals were jammed with thousands of weary travelers.”I haven’t slept since yesterday morning. We are very tired. It’s freezing, we are cold, having to wear all of these coats for extra blankets,” said Andri Kyprianou, of Cyprus, whose flight to Kiev was canceled.”There were pregnant women. One of them was sleeping on the floor. There were people with small babies in here overnight. We saw disabled people on chairs. There were young children sleeping on the floor.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The arrivals board at Gatwick Airport showing cancelled, diverted and delayed flights as the airport remains closed with incoming flights delayed or diverted to other airports, after drones were spotted over the airfield last night and this morning Thursday Dec. 20, 2018. London’s Gatwick Airport remained shut during the busy holiday period Thursday while police and airport officials investigate reports that drones were flying in the area of the airfield. (Thomas Hornall/PA via AP) Citation: Holiday chaos as drones shut London’s Gatwick Airport (2018, December 20) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-drones-london-gatwick-airport-busy.html The prospect of a deadly collision between what police called “industrial”-grade drones and an airliner led authorities to stop all flights in and out.Police said that they had no doubt the intrusion was a deliberate attempt to disrupt operations at the airport during a peak period but that there were “absolutely no indications to suggest this is terror-related.”About 20 police units from two forces tried in vain to find the drone operator as soon as the first unmanned aircraft was spotted above Gatwick on Wednesday evening. Police told airport officials it was too risky to try to shoot down the drones—stray bullets might kill someone.”Each time we believe we get close to the operator, the drone disappears. When we look to reopen the airfield, the drone reappears,” said Sussex Police Superintendent Justin Burtenshaw. He said the newer-generation drones are bigger and have more range, making it harder for police to zero in on the person controlling the device.Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson said the military would be deployed to help police. He said the armed forces would bring “unique capabilities” but gave no details. The airport, about 30 miles (45 kilometers) south of London, sees more than 43 million passengers a year. About 110,000 had been scheduled to pass through on Thursday. UK pilots warn of disaster, seek tougher rules for drones Drones could get sucked into a jet engine or crash through a windshield, incapacitating the pilot.The crisis at Gatwick had a ripple effect on air travel in Britain, continental Europe and beyond as incoming flights were sent to other locations and outgoing ones were stopped.Travelers described freezing conditions overnight at Gatwick as hundreds slept on benches and floors, and passengers and their families complained they weren’t being kept informed about re-routed flights.”We understand it’s an emergency situation, but the lack of information is really surprising,” said Vanessa Avila, an American based in Britain who works for the U.S. military. Her mother was on a flight from Florida to Gatwick that ended up landing in the northern English city of Manchester.Gatwick—Britain’s second-busiest airport by passenger numbers—first closed its runway Wednesday evening after two drones were spotted. It reopened briefly at about 3 a.m. Thursday, but shut down 45 minutes later after further sightings. Explore further Passengers complained on Twitter that their Gatwick-bound flights had been diverted to London’s Heathrow Airport, Manchester, Birmingham and other cities.Luke McComiskie, who landed in Manchester, more than 160 miles (260 kilometers) from London, said the situation “was just chaos, and they had only two coaches (buses) and taxis charging people 600 pounds ($760) to get to Gatwick.”Pilots have reported numerous close calls with drones in recent years in Britain, and aviation authorities have warned of the growing risk of a disastrous collision. Britain has toughened its laws on drones, and flying one within 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) of an airport is punishable by up to five years in prison.Gatwick briefly closed its runway last year when a drone was spotted in the area. A drone also briefly led to the shutdown of Dubai’s international airport in 2016. In this Dec. 1, 2010, file photo, a terminal link train arrives behind a glass window at the snow covered terminal station at London’s Gatwick Airport in Horley, England. London’s Gatwick Airport shut down late Wednesday, Dec. 19, 2018, while officials urgently investigated reports that two drones were flying above the airfield. (AP Photo/Sang Tan, File) Drones spotted over the runway forced the shutdown of London’s Gatwick Airport on Thursday during one of the busiest times of the year, stranding or delaying tens of thousands of Christmas-season travelers and setting off a hunt for the operator of the intruding aircraft. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Queues of passengers cross a concourse in Gatwick Airport, as the airport remains closed with incoming flights delayed or diverted to other airports, after drones were spotted over the airfield last night and this morning Thursday Dec. 20, 2018. London’s Gatwick Airport remained shut during the busy holiday period Thursday while police and airport officials investigate reports that drones were flying in the area of the airfield. (Thomas Hornall/PA via AP) Queues of passengers wait at the check-in desks at Gatwick Airport, as the airport remains closed and with incoming flights delayed or diverted to other airports, after drones were spotted over the airfield last night and this morning Thursday Dec. 20, 2018. London’s Gatwick Airport remained shut during the busy holiday period Thursday while police and airport officials investigate reports that drones were flying in the area of the airfield. (Thomas Hornall/PA via AP)last_img read more

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Senate passes bill meant to combat robocalls

first_img Explore further Help coming on blocking scam calls for robocall-plagued US Though the measure wouldn’t eliminate all unwanted calls, it would give regulators more tools to go after scammers. It would also push phone companies to adopt new technology to combat fake phone numbers popping up on caller ID.The Senate passed the bill 97-1 on Thursday. It’s not clear what will happen in the House, where Democrats in charge have their own anti-robocall proposals.The bill has support from the telecom industry and consumer groups, a rare combination.As scam call volume rises, the Federal Communications Commission is trying to nudge phone companies. The nation’s communications regulator will vote in June to allow carriers to block scam calls by default for customers. This Aug. 1, 2017, file photo, shows a call log displayed via an AT&T app on a cellphone in Orlando, Fla. The app helps locate and block fraudulent calls, although some robocalls do get through. The Senate has passed a bill that aims to combat the illegal robocalls torturing Americans. The Traced Act on Thursday, May 23, 2019, passed 97-1. It’s not clear what will happen in the House, where the Democrats in charge have made several anti-robocall proposals. (AP Photo/John Raoux, File) © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.center_img Citation: Senate passes bill meant to combat robocalls (2019, May 23) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-senate-bill-meant-combat-robocalls.html The U.S. Senate has passed a bill that aims to combat the illegal robocalls torturing Americans . This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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Men Notice Messes As Much As Women Heres Why They Dont Clean

first_imgOn a typical day, men spend a third as much time cleaning as women. Does that make women beacons of cleanliness, while men are genetically unable to see the messiness in their midst? This myth is a common explanation for why men don’t do as much housework as women. Men walk into a room and apparently can’t see the dust bunnies gathering on the floor or the piles of laundry stacked up on the couch.These Sharks Were Too Busy to Notice a Bigger Predator Watching ThemThe unexpected twist at the end of this feeding frenzy delighted scientists.Credit: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Windows to the Deep 2019Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really Loud00:35关闭选项Automated Captions – en-US facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65875-why-men-do-less-housework.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0002:2802:28  It lets men off the hook for not doing their fair share of the household cleaning. But in a recent study we show that men aren’t dirt-blind — they can see mess just as well as women. They are simply less severely penalized for not keeping their spaces neat and tidy. Chore inequality Despite massive gains in education and employment, women still shoulder a larger share of the housework than men. Women today spend, on average, roughly an hour and 20 minutes per day cooking, cleaning and doing laundry. About a third of that is just spent cleaning. Men, on the other hand, spend about half an hour performing these duties — and only 10 minutes scrubbing and tidying. This household chore inequality is evident over time, across professions and even when women work longer hours and make more money. Even in Sweden, where government policies are strongly geared toward promoting gender equality, women do more housework. Swedish women do two times as much daily housework than men even though women are much more likely to work full-time than in other countries. Naturally, the more time spent on chores, the less a woman has to spend on other activities like sleep, work and leisure. The same mess In our study, which was recently published in Sociological Methods and Research, we asked 327 men and 295 women of various ages and backgrounds to assess a photo of a small living room and kitchen area. By random assignment, some participants rated a photo of the room looking cluttered — dirty dishes on the counter, clothing strewn about — while others examined a much tidier version of the same room. All participants looked at the one photo they were given and then rated how messy they thought it was and how urgently it needed cleaning. The first thing we wanted to know was whether men and women respondents rated the rooms differently. Contrary to popular lore, men and women saw the same mess: They rated the clean room as equally clean and the messy room as equally messy. Differing expectations So if “dirt blindness” isn’t to blame, why do women do more housework? One argument is that social expectations are different for men and women. Women may be judged more harshly for having a less-than-spotless home, and women’s awareness of these expectations may motivate them to do more. We tested this idea by randomly telling participants that the photo they were looking at depicted either “John’s” or “Jennifer’s” living space. Then we asked them to rate Jennifer’s or John’s character — how responsible, hardworking, neglectful, considerate and likable they were — based on the cleanliness of their home. We also asked participants to assess the extent to which she or he might be judged negatively by unexpected visitors — extended family, bosses and friends — and how much responsibility they believed Jennifer or John would bear for housework if they were working full-time and living alone, working full-time and married with children, or a married, stay-at-home parent. This is where things got interesting. Participants rated the photos differently depending on whether they were told that a woman or a man lived there. Notably, respondents held higher standards of cleanliness for Jennifer than they did for John. When they were told the tidy room belonged to Jennifer, participants — regardless of gender — judged it less clean and more likely to inspire disapproving reactions from guests than when the same exact room was John’s. We’ve all heard ‘men are lazy’ Still, we did find that both men and women pay a large penalty for having a cluttered home. Compared to their tidier counterparts, both Jennifer and John received substantially more negative character ratings and were expected to garner much more negative judgments from visitors. Interestingly, John’s character was rated more negatively than Jennifer’s for having a messy home, reflecting the common stereotype that men are lazy. Yet participants did not believe John would be any more likely than Jennifer to suffer negative judgment from visitors, which suggests that the “men are lazy” stereotype does not disadvantage them in a socially meaningful way. Finally, people were more likely to believe that Jennifer would bear primary responsibility for cleaning, and this difference was especially large in the hypothetical scenario in which she or he is a full-time working parent living with a spouse. That people attribute greater responsibility for housework to women than men, even regardless of their employment situation, suggests that women get penalized more often for clutter than men do. Judge not People hold women to higher standards of cleanliness than men, and hold them more responsible for it. Some women may internalize or embrace such standards. But for many, it is unlikely a love of cleaning but rather a fear of how mess will be perceived that is the real problem — and one possible reason why many women frantically clean their home before unexpected visitors arrive. The good news is that, with enough collective willpower, old-fashioned social expectations can be changed. We could start by thinking twice before judging the state of someone’s home, especially our own. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. Sarah Thebaud, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara; Leah Ruppanner, Associate Professor in Sociology, University of Melbourne, and Sabino Kornrich, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Emory Universitylast_img read more

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Scientists Find an Exceptional Specimen of a Cretaceous LizardInside a Dinosaurs Belly

first_img The new Cretaceous lizard species was found in the abdomen of a Microraptor fossil (indicated by the white rectangle). Credit: Jingmai O’Connor Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoAncestryThe Story Behind Your Last Name Will Surprise YouAncestryUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoLivestlyThese Dog Breeds Do Not Make Good PetsLivestlyUndoYahoo SearchYou’ve Never Seen Luxury Like This On A Cruise Ship. Search Luxury Mediterranean CruisesYahoo SearchUndo They dubbed the ingested lizard Indrasaurus wangi: The species name honors paleontologist Yuan Wang, director of the Paleozoological Museum of China, and Indrasaurus refers to a legend from ancient Indian texts about the deity Indra, who was swallowed whole by a dragon. Close examination of the lizard’s teeth revealed that they were widely spaced, short-crowned and nearly square. They were unlike the teeth in other Cretaceous lizards, and their unusual shape suggests that the lizard may have had a diet that differed from that of its close relatives, the scientists said in the study. Microraptor and its lizard lunch provide a rare glimpse of direct interactions between predators and prey in ecosystems that vanished millions of years ago. They were found alongside other Microraptor fossils that hold the remains of mammals, fish and birds in their bellies, according to the study. Using these fossils and others from more than two dozen animal groups, the researchers reconstructed a food web showing who ate whom in the Jehol Biota; this site in Liaoning, China — where Microraptor was discovered in 2005 — holds a diverse array of exceptionally preserved fossils dating from 133 million to 120 million years ago. The findings were published online July 11 in the journal Current Biology. About 120 million years ago, a small dinosaur gulped down a lizard, swallowing the reptile whole. The wee lizard’s story might have ended there, but the dinosaur died soon after and was preserved as a fossil. Millions of years later, paleontologists discovered the scaly meal in the dinosaur’s belly. Scientists found the lizard when they examined the fossil of a feathered dinosaur named Microraptor zhaoianus, a small carnivore from the early Cretaceous period (145.5 million to 65.5 million years ago) in what is now northeastern China. In Microraptor’s abdomen was a near-complete skeleton that the researchers identified as a previously unknown lizard species. This “exceptional specimen” paints a clearer picture of the animal diversity in this region during the Cretaceous, and it hints at what was on the menu for dinosaur predators like Microraptor, the scientists reported in a new study. [In Photos: Amber Preserves Cretaceous Lizards]Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65935-cretaceous-lizard-in-dinosaur-belly.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  Microraptor belongs to the theropod (meat-eating) dinosaur group known as the dromaeosaurids — small to medium-size bird-like dinosaurs — which also includes Velociraptor and Deinonychus. It had flight feathers on its front and back limbs, and it could likely glide or even fly, according to the study. The fossilized lizard’s skeleton was still whole and nearly complete, and it appeared to belong to a juvenile. Its position inside the dinosaur’s gut showed that it was gulped down head first, “consistent with feeding behavior in extant carnivorous lizards and birds,” the study authors wrote. Images: Dinosaurs That Learned to Fly Tiny Dino: Reconstructing Microraptor’s Black Feathers Image Gallery: 25 Amazing Ancient Beastslast_img read more

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Kumaraswamy expands cabinet by inducting 2 ministers

first_imgpolitics June 14, 2019 SHARE SHARE EMAIL SHARE COMMENTS Karnataka Chief Minister HD Kumaraswamycenter_img Karnataka COMMENT Karnataka Chief Minister H D Kumaraswamy on Friday expanded his cabinet by inducting two Independent MLAs into the ministry in an apparent move to give stability to his 13-month-old wobbly government. In the much-awaited expansion, R Shankar and H Nagesh were sworn in as cabinet-rank ministers by Governor Vajubhai Vala who administered them the oath of office and secrecy at a ceremony at the Raj Bhavan. Shankar had served as minister during the initial days of the Kumaraswamy government but was dropped from the cabinet during the rejig in December last year. He and Nagesh had sided with the BJP and written to the governor withdrawing support to the government. As the BJP failed in its alleged attempts to topple the coalition government, the two lawmakers made a u-turn and moved closer to the coalition. The two were inducted from the JD(S) and Congress’ share in the ministry, in an attempt to block chances of their switching over to the BJP whom the ruling coalition has accused of trying to dislodge the Kumaraswamy government. Published onlast_img read more

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National Cancer Institute gives healthcare a booster shot with the latest in

first_imgSHARE SHARE EMAIL COMMENTS June 25, 2019 COMMENT SHARE disease healthcare industry The sprawling 70-acre campus of the government-run National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Jhajjar, Haryana, built to provide respite to thousands of patients, is home to novel laboratory techniques implemented in the public sector for the first time. Sixty-five-year-old Satyawan Singh, who was wheeled into the emergency section of NCI recently, is one such beneficiary of the institute’s new approach to diagnostics. Singh’s jaw was ‘locked’ due to a potential cancerous condition, and he was unable to eat food. “If it were not for the NCI, we would have been forced to visit the crowded AIIMS in Delhi for treatment,” Pawan, Satyawan’s son, said. On entering the ‘Phlebotomy’ division, a doctor collected Satyawan’s blood sample, transferred it into a colour- and bar-coded vial and put it in a jar. A technician collected the jar and pushed some buttons to deposit the jar into one of the chutes attached to the wall. Sucked away through vacuum pipes, the jars were transferred to the lab in a jiffy. “The pneumatic chutes are designed in a way that they suck the sample jars via air pressure and deliver them to the lab on the upper floors. The system is run on sensors and a software that manages incoming traffic from different wards,” said a spokesperson for Seimens Healthineers present on-site. A few floors above, a stream of sample jars are received by two technicians in the Robotic Core Clinical lab, which takes care of biochemistry, haematology, coagulation, immunoassays and tumour-marker tests. “Based on their colour and size, they (the samples) are automatically sorted onto specific belts mimicking railway lines, and are carried to their respective testing machines. The lab is expected to receive anywhere between 100 and 150 samples in a day,” said Vivek Kanade, Executive Director, Siemens Healthineers. “While the largest belt, 92 m in size, is housed at Thyrocare and processes close to 50,000 samples annually, the NCI belt is the second-largest at 55 m, and has the capacity to process 1,500 samples per hour,” Kanade added. Automated designThe tube-to-lab automated facility is conceptualised to avoid spillage of samples and avoid contamination. Said Seimens in a statement: “The laboratory automation solution supports an end-to-end sample processing workflow — from loading various sample tubes to the analysers to storage and disposal of the samples with minimal manual intervention needed. This results in reduced error rates.” The entire design of the NCI as envisioned by its head, GK Rath, is futuristic. The labs have been built at an expense of ₹20 crore. “Improved turnaround time, enhanced quality, reduced biohazard risks due to minimal sample extraction, coupled with cost-effective processes and diagnostic accuracy will help us serve the needs of the community better,” said Rath. Published onlast_img read more

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Laidoff expat bankers struggle to find jobs in Hong Kong

first_img Tags / Keywords: World 09 Jul 2019 Hong Kong singer-activist urges U.N. rights body to defend territory HONG KONG: For years, Hong Kong was a hotspot with plum jobs for overseas bankers as global firms hired aggressively. But many recently laid-off bankers in the city are finding that cost-cutting and a demand for Mandarin speakers have diminished the opportunities for expats in Asia’s financial hub.After Deutsche Bank AG announced plans for wide-ranging cuts this week, many employees worldwide are facing the challenge of job-hunting in a shrinking market. For foreign staff losing positions in Hong Kong, it could be harder than most.Other international firms such as Nomura Holdings Inc. have also cut jobs in Hong Kong. At the same time, the city’s famously expensive living costs, including some of the world’s highest rents, mean that even senior bankers need to find new jobs fast in order to stay.The upshot? Expat bankers who lost their jobs and want to remain in Hong Kong often have to consider lower-paying options or demotions. Some with longer-running ties to the city are looking at switching careers, weighing everything from consulting to cryptocurrency outfits.During the global financial crisis of 2008, Asian banks and local Chinese firms hired those who had been laid off by foreign players, said Will Glover, Hong Kong-based managing director for recruitment firm Macdonald & Co. That’s less likely this year and some of those taking on new jobs may have to take pay cuts, he said.”You get that volume of people anywhere into a market at one time and inevitably a lot of people will leave the market altogether,” Glover said. “There will not be enough opportunities to absorb all that supply.”While global banks are ramping up their focus on China, more of them are looking for people with language skills and networks on the Chinese mainland. That could help Deutsche Bank staff from around the world who are Chinese citizens, and who have been sending resumes seeking jobs back home or at Chinese banks. But for Westerners in Hong Kong, the prospects look tougher.Looking to StayA senior banker in Hong Kong who is in his 50s and was laid off from a European investment bank earlier this year said he would like to continue to live in the city, where his children go to school.But he expects it to be hard to find a top job because banks are moving people internally or hiring more people locally. His monthly rent is about HK$100,000 ($12,800), making it essential to find a job soon if he decides to stay.It’s a dilemma that many others are grappling with. One European banker laid off from a top Asian bank said he took a holiday and is now pondering working in a startup or even moving out of Hong Kong after 20 years.Deutsche Bank’s website until Wednesday said it had more than 1,200 people in Hong Kong, although that statistic has since been removed. The bank has cut about half its equities staff in Asia and plans to reduce the group by another 25% within a month, a person familiar with the matter said earlier this month. Deutsche Bank didn’t comment on the size of its layoffs in Hong Kong.A Deutsche Bank employee in Hong Kong, recently laid off, said many of her colleagues plan to stay in Hong Kong and are looking at positions in banking, family offices, or asset management. She’s hoping to use her background in compliance for another job in finance.One former Deutsche Bank employee, Su Zhu, who worked at the firm in Hong Kong until 2012 and now runs a Singapore foreign exchange and cryptocurrency fund called Three Arrows Capital, said that over the past year many bankers have gone into the crypto industry.Foreign banks can now choose from a widening pool of young professionals raised in Hong Kong, who speak multiple languages, know Chinese culture, have trained overseas and don’t require expensive relocation packages. That makes it harder for foreign bankers currently in the city, as well as junior professionals attempting to move from overseas, to find new positions in Hong Kong.A British equities trader who lost his job at an American investment bank this year said he had spent almost four months interviewing at banks and hedge funds with no luck. He lost one position to a local candidate 10 years his junior, and is now considering leaving.Expatriate executives in Hong Kong earn $276,417 a year on average, including benefits, according to a May report by consultancy ECA International, which analyzed salaries from financial and non-financial firms.Pay ScalesAverage pay scales lagged Japan, China and India, although affordable domestic help and a work-friendly visa system for trailing spouses help make Hong Kong attractive. But Hong Kong also topped a recent Deutsche Bank global ranking for the most expensive monthly rents on a two-bedroom apartment, and ranked 39th for disposable income after rent.Senior expats have tended to live in expensive places and send their children to international schools, living off base salaries and saving bonuses, said Benjamin Quinlan, chief executive officer of financial-services consultancy Quinlan & Associates in Hong Kong.”The expat’s side of things is going to be significantly harder,” Quinlan said. “A lot of people are going to have to take down their expectations, even get demoted and really take any opportunity they can really find, as opposed to waiting out in the market for a magic position to come up again because it will not.” – Bloomberg {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} After Deutsche Bank AG announced plans for wide-ranging cuts this week, many employees worldwide are facing the challenge of job-hunting in a shrinking market. Corporate News 08 Jul 2019 Deutsche Bank careers curtailed with an envelope, a hug and a cab ridecenter_img Related News Related News Business News 09 Jul 2019 What Deutsche bank employees are saying about the 18,000 global job cuts Bankinglast_img read more

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The machine that made the Moon missions possible

first_imgA Display-Keyboard (DSKY), one of two installed in the Command Module of the Apollo 7 mission, the first US 3-man space flight, which flew in Earth orbit in October, 1968. — Photos: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum/AFP The astronauts would input two-digit codes for verbs and nouns, to carry out commands like firing thrusters, or locking on to a particular star if the ship, which relied on an inertial guidance system to keep its pitch, roll and yaw stable, had begun to drift off course.O’Brien used the metaphor of a tourist who visits the US and is hungry but doesn’t know much English, and might say “Eat pizza” to convey the basic meaning. Passing the testApollo 11’s most tense moment came during the final minutes of its descent to the lunar surface, when the computer’s alarm bells began ringing and making it seem as though it had crashed.Such an event could well have been catastrophic, forcing the crew to abort their mission or even sending the vessel spiralling out of control to the surface.Back in Houston, an engineer realised that while the machine was temporarily overloaded, its clever programming allowed it to automatically shed less important tasks and focus on landing.“The way that computer handled the overload was a real breakthrough,” said Paul Ceruzzi, a Smithsonian Institution scholar on aerospace electronics.O’Brien noted that while the AGC was puny by modern computing standards, with a clock speed of 1 Mhz and a total of 38Kb of memory, such comparisons belied its true caliber.“With that terribly small capacity, they were able to do all the amazing things that we now think of as completely normal,” he said. – AFP Metro News 09 Jul 2019 Space party to celebrate Apollo 11 moon mission Related News An unflown example of a “Block I” display keyboard (DSKY) developed by Raytheon for the Apollo programme. Corporate News 27 Jun 2019 Apollo Food FY19 net profit up 59% to RM17.60m, div 20c A microscopic view of dual, three-element NOR gate, the inside of a silicon chip, used in Apollo. Instead of a computer operator giving a machine a set of calculations and leaving it for hours or even days to work out the answer – all of this needed to be done in a time-sensitive fashion, with cut-offs, and the ability for users (astronauts) to give it commands in real time.NASA felt it required an onboard computer to handle all these functions in case the Soviets tried to jam radio communications between ground control in Houston and US spaceships, and because Apollo was originally conceived to go deeper into the solar system.All of this required a software “architecture”, much of which was designed by engineer Hal Laning.Real-time inputIt also needed new ways for man to interact with machine that went beyond the punch-card programming of the time.The engineers came up with three key ways: the switches that you still find in modern cockpits, a hand-controller that was connected to the world’s first digital fly-by-wire system, and a “display and keyboard” unit, abbreviated DSKY (pronounced “dis-key”). Related News Microchip revolutionIntegrated circuits, or microchips, were a necessary part of the miniaturisation process that allowed computers to be placed on board spacecraft, in contrast to the giant, power-hungry vacuum tube technology that came before.The credit for their invention goes to Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, and Robert Noyce, who co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor and later Intel in Mountain View, California.But NASA and the Department of Defense – which needed microchips to guide their Minuteman ballistic missiles pointed at the Soviet Union – greatly accelerated their development by producing the demand that facilitated mass production. “They had these incredible, absolutely insane requirements for reliability that nobody could possibly imagine,” Frank O’Brien, a spaceflight historian and author of The Apollo Guidance Computer: Architecture And Operation, told AFP.In the early 1960s, the two agencies bought almost all the microchips made in the US, roughly a million all told, added O’Brien, forcing the makers to improve their designs and build circuits that lasted longer than their early life cycles of just a few hours.MultitaskingModern computers, such as the smartphone in your pocket, are generally capable of doing a myriad of tasks all at once: handling emails in one window, a GPS map in another, various social network apps, all the while ready for incoming calls and texts.But in the early era of computers, we thought of them in a fundamentally different way.“There wasn’t a lot they were asked to do. They were asked to crunch numbers and replace humans who would do them on mechanical adding machines,” said Seamus Tuohy, the principal director of space systems at Draper, which spun off from the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory that developed the Apollo Guidance Computer.That all changed with Apollo Guidance Computer, a briefcase-sized machine that needed to juggle an array of vital tasks, from navigating the ship to running its oxygen generator, heaters and carbon dioxide scrubbers. {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} We’ve all been there: you’re working on something important, your PC crashes, and you lose all your progress.Such a failure was not an option during the Apollo missions, the first time ever that a computer was entrusted with handling flight control and life support systems – and therefore the lives of the astronauts on board.Despite an infamous false alarm during lunar descent that sent Commander Neil Armstrong’s heart rate racing, it was a resounding success that laid the groundwork for everything from modern avionics to multitasking operating systems.Here are some of the ways the Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC), millions of times less powerful than a 2019 smartphone, shaped the world we live in today: The Display Keyboard (DSKY), designed by the Raytheon Corporation, the method by which Apollo astronauts communicated with the computers on board the Apollo Command and Lunar Modules. World 19 Jun 2019 Apollo astronauts celebrate 50 years since first moon landinglast_img read more

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Please change your thinking BJP MLAs daughters emotional appeal to her father

first_imgOther Videos from India 26:36 Sat, 13 Jul, 2019 20 Years of Kargil: A ground report from Tololing in Drass 01:59 Sat, 13 Jul, 2019 First prototype of Brahmos-NG will be ready by 2024 00:41 Sat, 13 Jul, 2019 Watch: Car performs stunt at Delhi’s Vijay Chowk 03:16 Sat, 13 Jul, 2019 Pakistan removes 5 Pro-Khalistani leaders from Kartarpur corridor panel 02:13 Sat, 13 Jul, 2019 Enter the Growler: S-400 missile ground report from Moscow 01:52 Sat, 13 Jul, 2019 UP law panel drafts stringent law for mob lynching, recommends life term 03:31 Fri, 12 Jul, 2019 Delhi: Farmers of Khera Khurd shift their tubewells due to depleting water levels 09:13 Fri, 12 Jul, 2019 BJP is using money power: Abhishek Manu Singhvi on Karnataka crisis Load More Other Video CategoriesIndiaSportsWorldMoviesSo SorryTelevisionlast_img read more

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Karnataka crisis Will be happiest if rival Mallikarjun Kharge is made Karnataka

first_imgKarnataka crisis: Will be happiest if rival Mallikarjun Kharge is made Karnataka CM, says BJP MPBJP MP Umesh Jadhav’s statement comes against the backdrop of the political imbroglio in the State following the resignation of 16 disgruntled coalition MLAs and speculation that some of them want somebody else as chief minister other than HD Kumaraswamy to resolve the crisis.advertisement Press Trust of India BengaluruJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 21:13 IST Mallikarjun Kharge. (File photo: PTI)As Congress and JDS leaders in Karnataka made hectic efforts to mollify its rebel legislators and save the coalition government, a BJP MP Saturday said he would be the happiest person if arch rival Mallikarjun Kharge is made Chief Minister.”I will welcome it. If a Dalit becomes chief minister, I will be the happiest person,” said BJP MP Umesh Jadhav who defeated Kharge in the Lok Sabha election from Gulbarga.His statement comes against the backdrop of the political imbroglio in the State following the resignation of 16 disgruntled coalition MLAs and speculation that some of them want somebody else as chief minister other than HD Kumaraswamy to resolve the crisis.A section of dalit leaders in the Congress were reportedly clamouring to be made the CM from one among them.The BJP MP also maintained that it was not he but the people of Gulbarga who defeated Kharge.Senior Congress leader and former Chief Minister Siddaramaiah had recently lashed out at the BJP for not inducting a Dalit MP from Karnataka in the Union Cabinet, saying “upliftment” of the community will not happen just by “talking big.”Retaliating, the Karnataka BJP had asked him to make veteran party leader Mallikarjun Kharge, who lost in the Lok Sabha polls, the Chief Minister,if he really cared for Dalits.People are also aware that it was Siddaramaiah who prevented G Parameshwara (now Deputy Chief Minister) from becoming the Chief Minister as he was a Dalit, the party alleged.Asked about the current political developments in Karnataka, Jadhav told reporters at Kempegowda International Airport here he has come for the admission of his son at a college and expressed ignorance about the political uncertainty.The MP said he was focusing only on the development of Gulbarga from where he got elected.Jadhav was the first disgruntled Congress MLA to quit the party and join the BJP.As a Congress MLA, he had aligned with rebel Congress MLAs Ramesh Jarkiholi, Mahesh Kumathalli and B Nagendra.The Congress had even sought their disqualification for ignoring the pary whip to attend the budget session but Jadhav resigned from the party, joined BJP, contested the Lok Sabha election and defeated Kharge.Also Read | BJP threatening, forcing MLAs to switch, says Abhishek Banerjee after 10 TMC councillors rejoin partyAlso Read | 107 Congress, TMC, CPM MLAs will join BJP, claims Mukul RoyAlso Watch | Leaderless Congress headed towards self-destruction?For the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byShifa Naseer Tags :Follow KhargeFollow BJPFollow Karnataka CMFollow Karnataka crisis Nextlast_img read more

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Jai Shri Ram A slogan that changed political contours of India

first_imgJai Shri Ram: A slogan that changed political contours of IndiaWhile the entire BJP and its ally Shiv Sena uses Jai Shri Ram slogan as a battle cry, their opponents, particularly West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee has launched a massive campaign against it.advertisement Prabhash K Dutta New DelhiJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 10:43 IST It is not yet clear when Jai Shri Ram entered the political space but it came to be identified with the BJP around the 1990-92 Ram temple movement, which was launched by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP. (Photo: Reuters)HIGHLIGHTSJai Shri Ram was a frequently used slogan in BJP’s rallies during 2014 Lok Sabha electionsJai Shri Ram has become the cry for BJP party cadres against TMC in West BengalIt started being identified with BJP around 1990-92 Ram temple movement launched by VHPJai Shri Ram literally means victory to Lord Ram, the prince of Ayodhya mentioned in various versions of Ramayana. This slogan is in the news for long. Jai Shri Ram slogan trends every other day on social media in India. In recent times, this religious slogan has hit the headlines for the wrong reasons. Raising this slogan is no longer considered religious, it is a political slogan to further the agenda of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).While the entire BJP and its ally Shiv Sena uses Jai Shri Ram slogan as a battle cry, their opponents, particularly West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has launched a massive campaign against it.During Lok Sabha election, Mamata Banerjee was seen stopping her car to slam those shouting Jai Shri Ram. Her irritation with the slogan has taken an unusual turn where her opponents have started teasing her by shouting Jai Shri Ram if they see her at an event.In May, days after Lok Sabha election results were announced, seven people were arrested in Bengal for shouting Jai Shri Ram as Mamata Banerjee’s cavalcade passed through their area.To counter the BJP’s charge of Muslim appeasement, Mamata Banerjee flagged off Jagannath Puri rath yatra last week. She was greeted with chants of Jai Shri Ram from the crowd and a section of BJP supporters.Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, too, has joined Mamata Banerjee in raising his voice against Jai Shri Ram slogan saying it is not part of Bengali culture.All this has happened in the backdrop of cases of mob lynching in which victims belonging to Muslim community were forced to chant Jai Shri Ram by the perpetrators. Tabrez Ansari, 24, was allegedly lynched in Jharkhand last month. He was accused of stealing a motorcycle in Seraikela Kharsawan district of the state.Ansari was allegedly tied to a pole and beaten up with sticks by a mob that forced him to shout Jai Shri Ram after ascertaining that he was a Muslim. This incident took place on June 17. Ansari died of his injuries on June 22.In a similar incident, a 16-year-old boy in Uttar Pradesh’s Kanpur was beaten up after his assaulters found him wearing a skull cap and asked him to chant Jai Shri Ram which he refused to do at first.Where it all beganIt is not yet clear when Jai Shri Ram entered the political space but it came to be identified with the BJP around the 1990-92 Ram temple movement, which was launched by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) – an extended arm of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) family. An active participant in the temple movement was BJP leader Lal Krishna Advani and his protege Narendra Modi.But before the BJP made Jai Shri Ram slogan as its own, it was already in popular use in late 1980s courtesy the TV serial Ramayan produced by filmmaker Ramanand Sagar. The slogan, Jai Shri Ram was used in the TV serial as a battle cry by Hanuman and others in Lord Ram’s expedition against Ravan, the king of Lanka who had abducted Sita, the wife of Ram.The earlier popular slogan or chant was Sita-Ram and Siya-Ram, which were frequently used as words for greeting one another. The popularity to Sita-Ram is credited to a freedom fighter and peasant activist Baba Ramchandra, who had impressed Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru with his organisational skills.In his autobiography, Nehru credits Baba Ramchandra for making an old cry of Sita-Ram “an almost warlike significance” and “a signal for emergencies as well as a bond between different villages”.After Ram Janmabhoomi movement of the VHP and parallel political campaign of the BJP, Sita-Ram gave way to Jai Shri Ram and became an essentially political slogan raised more during the time of elections.Now in Parliament, streetsRiding on the slogan of Jai Shri Ram, the BJP improved its tally in the Lok Sabha from two seats in 1984 to 85 in 1989, to 120 in 1991 and to single-largest party with 161 MPs in 1996.With Atal Bihari Vajpayee practically in charge of the BJP between 1999 and 2004 with the responsibility to run a ruling coalition, the slogan of Jai Shri Ram retreated to form background score. The defeat of the BJP in 2004 and in 2009 forced the BJP to rethink its strategy.The slogan returned with greater vigour in 2014 even though the party – with Narendra Modi calling the shots – did not give much space to construction of Ram temple at Ayodhya. Jai Shri Ram was a frequently used slogan in BJP’s rallies.As prime ministerial candidate, Modi addressed an election rally in Faizabad, the district that holds Ayodhya, which many believe to be the birthplace of Lord Ram. Though, Modi, in 2014 election rally, did not talk about Ram temple, he did refer to Lord Ram a number of times in his speech with the crowd chanting Jai Shri Ram.Modi did not go to Ayodhya until May 2019, when he addressed an election rally. Speaking at the outskirts of Ayodhya, Modi talked about defeating terrorism and New India but Jai Shri Ram was the dominant cry in the rally.The slogan has made to the Lok Sabha now. BJP members heckled Trinmool Congress (TMC) MPs in the Lok Sabha shouting Jai Shri Ram when they came for taking oath as newly elected members of the house in June. This came as a reaction to Mamata Banerjee’s opposition to the slogan, which she said was a threat to Bangla culture.The BJP has made substantial gains in West Bengal where Jai Shri Ram has become the cry for galvanising party cadres against the ruling TMC. The BJP has alleged that one of its workers was lynched by TMC members for chanting Jai Shri Ram.READ | 3 Muslim youths forced to chant Jai Shri Ram in AssamALSO READ | Jai Shri Ram is not associated with Bengali culture: Nobel laureate Amartya SenALSO WATCH | Jai Shri Ram war: Is Parliament a place to raise religious slogans?For the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byKritika Bansal Tags :Follow Jai Shri Ram Nextlast_img read more

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Air Marshal RKS Bhadauria shares his experience of flying a Rafale jet

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